United States Government Should Implement a Flat Tax to Increase Revenue

Published: 2021-07-15 22:10:05
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IntroductionTax is one of the ways by which government earns revenue. Tax revenue is the amount of income that is gained by the government with the help of tax. Taxation is considered as one of the primary sources of income for a state. Public enterprises, royalty on foreign aid and trade are some of the sources from where government extracts revenue. Countries who are characterized by greater poverty and greater dependence on agriculture have an inefficient way of a collection of taxes. A flat tax rate is a system that is constant in terms of marginal rate. It is usually applied to corporations and individuals. Implementation of such tax rate is often time taking and sometimes regressive depending upon the exemption and deduction of a tax base. There are many countries who have applied flat tax rate that ultimately resulted in an increase in the growth of their respective economy. This paper is based on the question “Does flat tax rate increases the revenue?”DiscussionIn 2004, a figure of ten European eastern nations has used a flat tax rate. For instance, Ukraine taxed its residents with 13%, Lithuania implemented a tax rate of 33% on it residents and Georgia taxed a 12% tax. The outcome of implementing a tax rate in these countries, all of these countries have experienced a growth in their economy by 8%, which is more than a double of what was witnessed in industrialized economies of the world [1].The supporter of flat tax rate justifies this system as the system is amazingly easy. According to them, in most of the cases, it’s not just individual that enjoys the benefits of understanding this rate, though many nations have granted flat tax rate as a motivation to pull employers and corporations. Proponents say that having a flat tax rate shows the fairness in terms that everyone is taxed at the same rate.There are many issues that are related to the flat tax rate. The first and foremost issue is that the current system of USA is not a pure income tax. Funds that are placed in pensions and IRA’s are not taxed until they are withdrawn. Treatment for these funds will be used in case of the flat tax rate. This means that investments like these will earn full pre-tax on the return. However, advocate says that a flat tax rate will reduce down these pre-tax interest rates. A flat tax rate will decrease the return on pensions. Voluntary contribution to such plans will also reduce[2].Second main issues related to the implementation of a flat tax rate is related to pension. Pension coverage might fall with t eh implementation of a flat tax rate. The system of pension is triggered by it sizeable tax advantage. The question that arises is then why should employees and workers continue to high expenses related to pensions when they can get the same treatment if a flat tax rate is implemented. If employers brawl their pension plans then they have to have same level of money into their account as savings. Savings will fall if they do not have that level of money.If a mortgage interest deduction is retained under a flat tax rate then households will be able to deduct interest payments. Although they will not pay taxes on interest income. Savings rate will reduce further if they don’t have to pay and this would generate inducements for households to derive. Fourth issues related to the implementation of the flat tax rate is related to the rules and regulation through which this rate will be implemented. People have purchased a house so that they can receive mortgage interest deductions. They have made investments and borrowed money so that they will have write-offs for interest payments. The value of existing homes will reduce down with the implementation of a flat tax rate.After a 2008 recession, many countries have adopted to flat tax rate but some of them suffered negatively. For instance, Latvia, which is one of those countries who has adopted the flat tax rate in the first place. The economy o the country fell down at the end of the year 2008, the unemployment rate increased to 9%. This unemployment rate would be higher if people of Latvia would not be moved to other parts of Europe. Estonia and Lithuania have faced similar pitfalls after the implementation of a flat tax rate.According to the news brief given by the member of House Energy and commerce committee and committee on rules (Burgress) in 2014, Russia is considered one of the best examples, who have successfully implemented a flat tax rate and boosted up its economy and revenues by 25% followed by 24% in the next year. In some of the states of America, the flat tax rate is already prevailing, like from Utah to Massachusetts, people of these states have realized high benefits associated with the switching of the flat tax rate that is applied on their incomes. According to Burgress, the revenues of these states have also been increased. The main theory behind the implementation of a flat tax rate is that by lowering the tax rate, taxpayers will become more productive that will ultimately result in the creation of more economic growth. This will help to provide more tax revenues mainly due to the fact that businesses will become more successful [3]. Critics on the implementation of a flat tax rate make arguments that by lowering the tax rate and creating one flat rate for all, will not increase enough revenues that are needed to run the federal government. In the history, the amount of revenue which was collected from an income tax was about 17% which is the number proposed by the flat tax act. However, there are benefits associated with the implementation of a flat tax rate as it would be simple and tax return will be done on one single page. This will cater the days when Americans use to stay for long hours just to file their tax. A flat tax rate will vanish the alternatives like estate taxes, minimum tax, marriage penalty and capital gain taxes [4].A flat tax rate will impose double taxation on old citizens. Seniors have paid taxes all their lives and now they have to spend a portion of their after-tax income on its new cost. From a senior citizens perspective, they don’t receive enough from the elimination of tax. A flat tax must acknowledge payroll taxes that support Medicare benefits and social security. If tax rate vanishes it than federal income wil be removed. In order to control deficit, a flat rate must be increased. This would result in increasing the complexities in the preparation of tax returns[5].According to Worstall in his article in Forbes explains the main problem associated with the implementation of the flat tax rate that is everybody should pay the same proportion of what they make. According to the author, it is a debate regarding the fairness of the system. The flat tax rate is progressive in nature rather than regressive. Regressive is the state where small amount of incomes pays out higher percentages of a specific tax while progressive is the state where if a share of income going in taxes increases as income increases. A system is aid to be progressive if it asks for 10% of poor people, 20% from middle incomes and 30% from the high incomes [6].According to Lewis, flat tax fans should focus on where the income taxes are important and fair tax fans should focus where sales tax is important. A flat income tax does not address state-level taxes or payroll taxes. In order to implement flat tax rate, government revenue needs would have to be less with respect to GDP. For instance, Hong Kong flat tax rate system with the combination of property taxes produces 13% of GDP in revenue [7]. According to Gleckman, Ted Cruz will collapse the current seven individual tax rate to a single 10% rate. He will be increasing the standard deduction from $6,300 to $10,000 for single sand from $12,600 to $20, 00 for couples. Cruz will remove all the credit except for earned income tax credit and child tax credit. He will repeal Medicare and social security payroll taxes along with corporation tax[8].ConclusionFrom the studies and discussions provided in the discussion part. It can be seen that although having a flat tax rate may have good benefits but in a long run, a flat tax rate will not be helpful for the people of America. In order to earn revenue government will be proposing a tax rate that will help them to reduce their debt at the same time along with an increase in the revenue. a tax rate should be progressive rather than regressive.End Notes“Forbes Welcome”. 2018. Forbes.Com. Accessed April 18 2018. https://www.forbes.com/sites/beltway/2016/02/16/cruzs-flat-tax-vat-would-cut-revenues-by-8-6-trillion/.“Forbes Welcome”. 2018. Forbes.Com. Accessed April 18 2018. https://www.forbes.com/sites/nathanlewis/2016/06/02/a-flat-tax-and-a-fair-tax-together/#5eda0c067784.“The Case For A Flat Tax”. 2018. Business Insider. Accessed April 18 2018. http://www.businessinsider.com/op-ed-the-case-for-a-flat-tax-2014-4.“Would A Flat Tax Lower Your Tax Bill?”. 2018. The Balance. Accessed April 18 2018. https://www.thebalance.com/flat-tax-pros-cons-examples-compared-to-fair-tax-3306329.Contributor, ADP. 2018. “Adpvoice: Remote Employee Time Tracking Made Easy”. Forbes. Accessed April 18 2018. https://www.forbes.com/sites/adp/2018/04/09/remote-employee-time-tracking-made-easy/#543597c72915.Kasperowicz-Stępień, Alicja. “Taxation in the Baltic States-the case of Estonia.” Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Finanse. Rynki finansowe. Ubezpieczenia 65 Zarządzanie finansami w przedsiębiorstwach i jednostkach samorządu terytorialnego (2014): 105-114.Kasperowicz-Stępień, Alicja. “Taxation in the Baltic States-the case of Estonia.” Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Finance. Rynki finansowe. Ubezpieczenia 65 Zarządzanie finansami w przedsiębiorstwach i jednostkach samorządu terytorialnego (2014): 105-114. ↑Kasperowicz-Stępień, Alicja. “Taxation in the Baltic States-the case of Estonia.” Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Finance. Rynki finansowe. Ubezpieczenia 65 Zarządzanie finansami w przedsiębiorstwach i jednostkach samorządu terytorialnego (2014): 105-114. ↑“The Case For A Flat Tax”. 2018. Business Insider. Accessed April 18, 2018. http://www.businessinsider.com/op-ed-the-case-for-a-flat-tax-2014-4. ↑“The Case For A Flat Tax”. 2018. Business Insider. Accessed April 18, 2018. http://www.businessinsider.com/op-ed-the-case-for-a-flat-tax-2014-4. ↑Would A Flat Tax Lower Your Tax Bill?”. 2018. The Balance. Accessed April 18, 2018. https://www.thebalance.com/flat-tax-pros-cons-examples-compared-to-fair-tax-3306329. ↑Contributor, ADP. 2018. “Advice: Remote Employee Time Tracking Made Easy”. Forbes. Accessed April 18, 2018. https://www.forbes.com/sites/adp/2018/04/09/remote-employee-time-tracking-made-easy/#543597c72915. ↑Forbes Welcome”. 2018. Forbes.Com. Accessed April 18, 2018. https://www.forbes.com/sites/nathanlewis/2016/06/02/a-flat-tax-and-a-fair-tax-together/#5eda0c067784. ↑Forbes Welcome”. 2018. Forbes.Com. Accessed April 18, 2018. https://www.forbes.com/sites/beltway/2016/02/16/cruzs-flat-tax-vat-would-cut-revenues-by-8-6-trillion/. ↑

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