AbstractThe research on traditional Anglo American Folk Music is based on its formation or origin and how it is being performed. The traditional Anglo American Folk Music has a rich history in the United States, due to its contribution to the liberation and its correlation with American culture. However, the research analyses the history of the Anglo American Folk Music, it analyze and present the Ethnomusicological Theme, critical analyze the Anglo American Folk Music and also present an interview conducted with one of the Anglo American Folk Music Artist.IntroductionThe United States has a collection of music which can be traced from pre-colonial period. The folks and fiddle music are mostly the traditional music with rich history in the United States. The fiddle and folks music were started long before the British colonization though they became more popular during the struggle due to the message which they convey to the public. According to Cohen (2013), American traditional music such as Anglo American Ballads II, Lyric Songs, African American Spirituals, Work Songs and Afro American blues are some of the music which have lasted many decades and have specific message related to American culture.Research has indicated that American traditional music speaks a lot about American generation and cultural practices. As stated by Cohen (2013), some of the American genres are blues, country music, rock, rhythm and blues, soul and hip hop. By estimation the United States has the highest number of musical collection in the world valued at 4,898.5 million by 2015 (Kinzer, 2012). However, there is several American’s music which have gained global audience and therefore, spreading American culture across the global. It is, therefore, important to understand the contribution of music in cultural building and the role which music played during the liberation of early 1960s.Significant of the studyThis research paper is focusing on the influence of the traditional music in the United States and therefore, it shall discuss the contribution of Anglo American Folks Music to the struggle of liberation of the people. It is important to note that traditional music such as Anglo American Folks Music are special music to the society and therefore, this study look deep into their contrition to cultural building and their significant to the struggle and the way they were composed, and performed by artists. The study is therefore, established the correlation between fight for libration and the Anglo American Folks Music. It brings out the role played by different actors towards the shaping the political movement and ideologies in the United States. This is because several studies have established that Anglo American Folks Music expressed political ideologies and fought for economic freedom of the people, and therefore, the study allows us to understand the contribution it made towards the achievement in the society.HistoryThe Anglo American Music was brought to the United States by British Colonists from the British Isla during the 18th century. It might shows anthropologist how a deep rooted can die since it has evolved for decades but still remains the preferred music across the states (Bayard, 1999). In the country where it came from, Anglo American is regarded as a messenger to the people and it was developed through an art where its main characteristics are idioms, satire, and melodic style. It was developed to offer a conventional mannerism of rendition. It was merely associated with unschooled people and a group of people in the society. It was started as a community band or music performance in Isle and grew to be the most preferred music across many nations. However, in the United States, the Anglo American Folk music has grown in phases since it was brought here by the British colonists. It was brought to American during the period of colonization. Bayard (1999) noted that different types of folk music continued to enter the country until 19th century and therefore, the history of the Anglo American Folk Music can be traced back to the period of colonization and the second struggle for liberation which occurred in the early 1960s.In the early days, the Anglo American Folks Music was being performed by unschooled peopled and it was referred as a community music. Most of its members were less learned and had no financial support to afford instruments. Therefore, the music was being performed by the word of mouth. There were dancers who performed through the music session. The instruments used were guitar, flutes and some were performed using drums as well. Mostly the Anglo American Folk Music was being performed at clubs and different parties and along the street. It is because of the message which it had to convey to the public (Schaefer, 2015).However, some of the noticeable personalities being associated with Anglo American Folk Music are Woody Guthrie 1912-1967, Pete Seeger, the Weavers, Bobby Dylan, Joan Boez and Joni Mitchell. These individuals participate uniquely in the building of the Anglo American Folk Music in the United States. It is noted that Woody Guthrie composed and sang several folk music such as “Goin’ Down, This Land is Your Land, and So Long it has Been Good to Know Ya” which were some of the political notation Anglo American Folk Music which were performed by Woody to restore hope and aspiration to the people. Nevertheless, some of the known current Anglo American Folk music artists are Hillfolk Noir, Low Lily, and Alasdair Roberts who performs various pop songs in the southern Florida and Arizona where the Anglo American folks are popular. Hillfok Noir is one of the greatest Anglo American folk music artists known from the southern American. He composed and sings various folk albums in different joints, clubs and parties. The music and the all performance have changed and the order is visible and the level of composition shows a clear distinction with the Anglo American Music of the early days, the 1960s and the 20th century. The transformation in the industry is vivid since current artists have high powered guitar, drums and this make the mode of performance and sound to be different compared to early performance.During 1960s, the Anglo American Folk music was also popular among the American people. Most Anglo American Folk music of 1960s was songs for remembrance and fight for equality and liberation of the people. Though the performers were different the message and the mode of sing were still similar. Some of the noticeable artists of 1960s are Pete Seeger, Lee Hays Keith Potger, and Bruce Woodley. Pete Seeger sang a song called “If I had a Hammer “which was a song dedicated to his brother. He took part in the composition and writing of different Anglo American Folk Music and therefore, the history of Anglo American folk song cannot be completed without mentioning Pete Seeger.InterviewThe interview was conducted on April 10, 2018 with a San Francisco Folksinger Meg Baird. Meg Baird is known artist who has composed and sang several Folk songs and has a band called Philly-based psych-folk band Espers. Baird has a wealth of history in Anglo American Folk since he started singing as a young person and for last decades he has been actively singing Anglo America Folk Song across the state. Some of his songs are called “Don’t Weigh down the Light,” which is one of the dedication songs. The music is blended with electric and acoustic guitars which make the music have a sweet melodic voice.The interview focuses on the emergence of the Anglo American Folk Music and its contribution to the society. The first question was about the year Anglo American Folk music started in the United States. 1) “When did you start performing folk music?” Baird narrated that he started performing folk music as teenager. He said that he father loved folks and they used to attend events and later joined a group of community boys who used to perform the Anglo American Folks music. From there they started to perform on the street later clubs and other joints.He said that “folk songs used to be for local boys and it was not difficult joining by those days.” The second question was about the band composition and instruments. 2. “What kind of instruments does you and who composed your music?” He stated that instruments used in performing guitar and flutes but the message is always passed through the word of mouth. Baird further pointed that Folk music has revolved and in the early days, the instruments used were simple. 3.) What kind of messages does folk music convey to the listeners? “Folks music talks about the history of the people and it conveys the message of hope and inspiration.Baird went further to state that folk music was established during colonization, and therefore, most Anglo American Folks Music contains the message of hope, determination and hardworking. He further illustrated that the music are in satire form so that everyone could not understand it easily. About the origin of the Anglo American Folks music, Baird noted that though the origin of music can be traced to Isle, most of the Anglo American Music which started in the 1960s has a root in the United States.On the question of what entice him to start the Anglo American Folk music instead of other music. Baird noted that folk music is unique from the way it is performed to the connection it has to the local culture, and therefore, he joined the folk music to prevent the loss of its culture and connect with the local people. However, the interview ended well with Baird stating that folk music is the original American music and it is the reason it is embraced by Americans. The interview took approximately two hours (2hrs) however, all the answers and questions were noted down for clarity and also to make sure that detailed information is obtained which can help in the completion of the research paper.Ethnomusicological ThemeThe Anglo America Folk Music is associated with American Culture is many ways. The performance of folk music reflects the historical aspect of the United States and therefore, it portrays the connection between music and culture. As stated by Cohen (2013) American folk songs are locally composed and sang and therefore, it has a cultural context in it. It is also noted that Anglo American folk music performance, are all traditional and therefore, it performance represents the American traditional culture. However, it is essential to noted that the folk music’s history can be traced to colonial era due to the role it plays towards liberation in the early days and during the 1960s. It was composed and performed by different groups of people to express the frustration of the community against British rule and for the show of the American culture. Woody Guthrie is a know performer and composer of Anglo American folk music. Woody Guthrie’s music was composed to urge the people to keep hope alive during the try times. Woody Guthrie performed in several clubs, cultural events and beaches to spread a simple message aspiration. Therefore, it is important to note that majority of Anglo American music had a special message of hope and struggle to deliver to the listeners.Lyrics analysisThe Anglo American Folk Music lyrics were conveyed by the word of mouth. It was popular music performed by a group of local men though the tone and the message were clear. Most Anglo American music is sang like choirs with guitar, flutes and even drum. It is performed in a group of five to ten people. It is associated with “cowboy” due to the dressing code of the performance. The Anglo American folk’s music message is about the struggle and hardship which people have endures for period. It conveys message of determination to the people. Since the music started during colonization, it was started to be used to communicate the message to colonists. Though some people have argued that the Anglo American Folk music originated from isle, studies have established that a lot of folk music was started here in the United States. Therefore, the message being conveyed by the music is American’s message of hope which is coiled to keep the people active so that they do not lose hope for a better tomorrow.The Anglo American music includes variety of broadside ballads, tall tales, humorous stories and disaster songs. The Anglo American Music used to tell stories about murders, mining, shipwrecks and other practices deemed but being practiced by the British Colonists in the New England. According to Cohen (2013), Anglo American Music is typically American cultural music which connects the past with the current to remind listeners of the happenings in the society. The Anglo American Folks Music originated from square dance, which is a descended of the European high society quadrille. The music is combined with certain American innovation known as caller instructing, the Sea Shanties are very essential part of Anglo American Music.The Anglo American Folk Music is one of the traditional and typical American Music which expresses the life of people in the community and it is passed through generation. The original term of Folk music is the music composed and performed by the people to show cases their lifestyle. It is the music which has survived for many generations without being washed off by mass communication, revolution and change of culture. It is the music for everybody since it has no class boundary and therefore, it is performed and loved by the whole community. The Anglo American Folk Music is transmitted through the word of mouth since it is performed by the mouth using traditional instruments.However, the journey of Anglo American Music is long and it played an important role in shaping the American society. The Anglo American Songs ranges from different subject matters such as work, economic hardship, civil rights and war which made the major part of the satire ad love songs it presents. The Anglo American Folks Music was about the struggle and hardship at the same time, they were full of hope (Cohen, 2013). It brought out the words of encouragement to workers urging them to go a place in the world where they can work without facing hardship. It is a message of the end of hardship and it was evident in most Anglo American Folks Music through the early days. Research established that many of Anglo American Folk Music is about war, conflicts and poverty. Several people came to the United States during the early days, escaping poverty, war and conflicts in their countries. And therefore, they started Anglo American folk song to reflect their history.Critical Analysis if the Anglo American Folk musicCritical analysis of the music established that the Anglo American Music originated among the village people or common people of a region and spread all over the country and to the rest of the world. The Anglo America Folk music is portrayed its simple melodies. It is referred as the music of traditions because of its simple style. It simplicity is a symbol of culture and reflection of the community. It is because in early days, the American local community lived in the villages where their lives were simple (Rice, 2012). It is also because of the message which the music was supposed to convey to the masses. It reflects the rural set up since it originated from the rural areas. The Anglo American Folk music composed and performed by non-professionals and it used to be understood by a good percentage of the population.The United States was born out of struggle after years of hardship and suffering and several aspects contributed to its achievements. The Anglo American Music became more popular again in 1950s and 91960s where it was performed and celebrated by almost every man or woman on the street (Lomax, 2002). It is noted that folk music contribute to the achievement of the African American during struggle to end slavery. It is started that African American gathered along the streets and their houses to sing and warship the Lord. It gave many people hope that things shall be well no matter the difficult it seems to be. The basis foundation of the folk music was about the domestic life since it conveys messages about love, work, and religious faith, rearing of children and about family.It is believed that the Anglo American folk music was discovered at the right time when it was needed most. It is because the folk song of 1960s was needed to convey the message about anti-slavery and the early folk music was against colonization and therefore, most of the music conveyed specific message. It urged people to rise up and take their countries from the British rulers which later took place. Therefore, the Anglo American Folk Music came at the right time when it is needed most to help in accomplishing a task. For instance the music like ““Down by the Riverside,” “We Shall Overcome,” was a folk song sang to encourage slaves that one day slavery will end and therefore, it is a music meant to restore hope and give the oppress a give to live for another day.ConclusionThe Anglo American Folk Music has a wealth of history since it started and it has played several significant roles in the society. It was composed and performed by a group of nonprofessional in the community and therefore, it was general associated with the local people. The Anglo American folk music conveys a special message to listeners and most if its messages were about hope, determination, love, peace, famine and endurance. Therefore, it was one of the music which was used by Americans to fight for change in the society. It also represent American culture because it was performed by guitar and message passed by the word of mouth. It played a critical role in the history of American liberation of 1960s to end slavery so that everyone can be treated equally.ReferencesBayard, S. P. (1999). Decline and “Revival” of Anglo-American Folk Music. Journal Articole of Anthropology , 12-45.Cohen, N. (2013). Traditional Anglo-American folk music : an annotated discography of published sound recordings. New York : Garland.Kinzer, J. M. (2012). Hootenanny, Hootin’ Annie, Will You Dance with Me? Music of theAmerican Folk Music Revival. Folk song All the way , 2-14.Lomax, A. (2002). Anglo-American shanties, lyric songs, dance tunes, and spirituals.Washington DC: Library of Congress, Division of Music.Rice, T. (2012). Modeling Ethnomusicology. Oxford : Oxford University Press.Schaefer, J. (2015). Anglo-American Folk Songs. 2-45.