Prison Reform Annotated Bibliography

Published: 2021-07-30 05:55:07
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It is evident and critically need to consider that society suffers from many forms of challenges. People have to face different forms of dangers on a daily basis. Today’s society has to face the issue of growing feature of the crime rate. Individuals indulge in different criminal activities due to many factors and society should effectively respond to the problem of growing criminal activities. The facet of prison reform can play a vital role to reduce the phenomenon of crimes by effectively facilitating criminals in the form of prisoners. Development of the prison reform and different features connected to this concept is the point of attention for the researchers from many years. There is the need to critically assess the perspective of prison reform to propose effective solutions to deal with the problems related to the imprisonment.Lofstrom, Magnus, and Steven Raphael. “Prison Downsizing and Public Safety.” Criminology & Public Policy, vol. 15, no. 2, 2016, pp. 349–65.The following article “Prison Downsizing and Public Safety, Evidence from California” is presented by Magnus Lofstrom and Steven Raphael in 2016. Magnus Lofstrom is the researcher belongs to the well-known organization of Public Policy Institute of California. The following author is the one reputable social researcher who can be easily explored through the number of publications of the author which comprises on 53 published in different national and international journals. The second author of the article is Steven Raphael who successfully represents the University of California, Berkley. He has 105 publications on his credit, and the effectiveness of his work can be examined the number of citations. The research work provided by Raphael is cited 4,153 times. The considered articles published in the Journal of Criminology & Public Policy which is known as the one reputed peer-reviewed journal with the 1.419 impact factor related to the discipline of criminology. The particular focus of the article is to discuss the aspect of California’s Decarceration Path critically. Researchers indicate that that the growth rate of population in prisons of the state demands to take the necessary measures to downsize the facet of prisoners with the consideration of the safety of the public (Lofstrom and Raphael, 352). The prospect of prison reform is discussed by the researchers concerning to the enhancement of police staffing which can be an effective measure to address the issues of prison centers.Petersilia, Joan. “Influencing Public Policy: An Embedded Criminologist Reflects on California Prison Reform.” Journal of Experimental Criminology, vol. 4, no. 4, 2008, pp. 335–56.The article, “Influencing public policy: an embedded criminologist reflects on California prison reform” is presented by Joan Petersilia in 2008. This specific article is the one significant contribution in the field of criminology as it critically provides the insights about the aspect of prison reform with the consideration of public policy for the area of California. The author of the article is the well-established criminologist who provides effective insights concerning to the field of criminology. She was honored with Joan McCord award from the Academy of Experimental Criminology which is one of her achievement in the research paradigm of criminology. She is the one well-known American criminologist who assesses different forms of criminology and criminal law effectively. This article is considered as the authentic form of research work as it is the part of the Journal of Experimental Criminology which is the one peer-reviewed academic journal having 1.167 impact factor. The specific publisher of this journal is Springer Science + Business Media. The reliability and validity of the following journal are out of the question because it addresses experimental research to propose effective solutions to different problems related to the field of criminology. This article provides the reliable evidence that it is immensely crucial for the country’ institutes to revisit their crime policies to provide the better form of the justice system and incentive of improvement for prisoners (Petersilia, 335). Author apprehend the idea that effective prisoner integration is only possible with the inclusion of effective research findings in the prospect of decision making.Woods, Cindy S. “Addressing Prison Overcrowding in Latin America: A Comparative Analysis of the Necessary Precursors to Reform.” ILSA J. Int’l & Comp. L., vol. 22, 2015, p. 533.“Addressing Prison Overcrowding in Latin America: A Comparative Analysis of the Necessary Precursors to Reform” is the research work provided by Cindy S. Woods in 2015. Author address the issue of prison overcrowding in a detailed manner and propose effective solutions to deal with this particular issue. Cindy S. Woods belongs to Georgetown University Law Center which is one of the influential institutes of the country concerning to the discipline of law and criminology. The following comparative study published in ILSA Journal of International and Comparative Law which is the one authentic forum for legal publication. The author successfully highlighted the issue of overcrowding of prison system in the specific case of Latin America (Woods, 534). She indicates that different strict rules in form of drug prospect and policies for prisoners are the major reason for the problem in the prison system in the region. There is the need of the reducing the element of drug-related incarceration which ultimately helps to regulate the prison system. This particular study reveals that it is crucial for the government of the region to critically consider the role of the overall prisoner system and the feature of the prison population.Wood, Erika L. “One Significant Step: How Reforms to Prison Districts Begin to Address Political Inequality.” U. Mich. JL Reform, vol. 49, 2015, p. 179.Erika L. Wood presented the study with the name of “One Significant Step: How Reforms to Prison Districts begin to Address Political Inequality” in 2015. The author of the study belongs to the Institute of New York Law School. It can be considered as the effective study to consider as it provides the insights about the association of prison reform with the political perspective. This particular published through the authority of Civil Rights and Discrimination Commons. It is the organization which is actively associated with different popular institutions to encourage the facet of research. It effectively provides the prospect of law through its different dimensions. Author of the article provides the effective indications about the growing aspect of incarceration in the country. It is observed that the increasing perspective in case of incarceration has its significant impact on the political structure and the paradigm of the local communities in the United States of America. It is crucial to understand that the strict law enforcement policies have their implications on the overall structure of the prison system as it involves all the individuals who can characterize as arrested and incarcerated (Wood, 209). It is crucial to consider the aspect of prison reform by adopting different significant steps. Reallocation of the prisoners in the prison centers can help to make crucial inferences about the need for the better system.Sundt, Jody, et al. “Public Willingness to Downsize Prisons: Implications from Oregon.” Victims & Offenders, vol. 10, no. 4, 2015, pp. 365–78.The following research study, “Public Willingness to Downsize Prisons: Implications from Oregon” is conducted by Jody Sundt, Francis t. Cullen, Angela J. Thielo & Cheryl Lero Johnson in 2015. The study successfully engages the feature of the downsizing of the prisons with the particular approach of public willingness to address this issue. Researchers of the following study belong to the different institutes of law that come up with the better approach to the issue. The following peer-reviewed research article published in the famous law journal known as International Journal of Evidence-based Research, Policy, and Practice. It is observed that this journal is the effective source to attain the knowledge about different legal concerns. The particular focus of this research study is to address the issue of prison system and reform in the particular case of adults (Sundt et al., 367). Results of the survey study reveal that many citizens of the region favor the reconsideration of the prison policy for the provision of the better outcomes.Work CitedLofstrom, Magnus, and Steven Raphael. “Prison Downsizing and Public Safety.” Criminology & Public Policy, vol. 15, no. 2, 2016, pp. 349–65.Petersilia, Joan. “Influencing Public Policy: An Embedded Criminologist Reflects on California Prison Reform.” Journal of Experimental Criminology, vol. 4, no. 4, 2008, pp. 335–56.Sundt, Jody, et al. “Public Willingness to Downsize Prisons: Implications from Oregon.” Victims & Offenders, vol. 10, no. 4, 2015, pp. 365–78.Wood, Erika L. “One Significant Step: How Reforms to Prison Districts Begin to Address Political Inequality.” U. Mich. JL Reform, vol. 49, 2015, p. 179.Woods, Cindy S. “Addressing Prison Overcrowding in Latin America: A Comparative Analysis of the Necessary Precursors to Reform.” ILSA J. Int’l & Comp. L., vol. 22, 2015, p. 533.

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