The company here is the Nike Inc. which is a sports accessories manufacturer. The code of ethics in Nike are the major part of their business. Nike’s code of ethics says that they focus on doing what is expected by law and the leader of the company. They follow their code of conduct in this process, which brings in line the contractors of Nike. They focus on the management practices, to respect employment and labor rights and to observe ethics in the workplace. Nike also focuses on the environmental effect of their product making and ensures that there is a safe and healthy workplace which promotes the well being of the employees. Nike also gives an opportunity for compliance which comes from their code of conduct.Looking for their social responsibility, it does not seems that they are lacking in the CSR area, because being a retail sports manufacturer, Nike has made certain efforts to improve their social responsibility. Their code of ethics also say the same, as the company has focused on the laws of the regulation, and the labor laws to be maintained.Legal mandate compliance:Nike has made their code of ethics in compliance with the legal mandate laws, and to be safe from the court issues. They have set forth the theft activity in their company, that if someone is found stealing from the organization, he/she will be punished by the law. Nike does not tolerate retaliation, that if an employee identified an unlawful activity and directed it towards the regulatory authorities. They have made proper laws to avoid this sort of problem. Nike is running good in the legal laws and tends to follow them accordingly. Legally, they have set forth the rule that, if an employee is found violating the code of ethics, he/she will be fired immediately.Implications of noncompliance:When a person or an organization is not performing according to the legal standards, they can be a lot of consequences for that. It can impose a hefty fine on the person or the company, not following the legal standards. By law, it is important for the company to run according to the standards set by the regulatory authorities, otherwise, serious problems can occur for the company (Malaysia, 2015). It also decreases the reputation of the company, which is destroyed by not abiding by the law. People tend to lose trust in the company, which is being held accountable for not following the rules and regulations. It also reduces the supplier and distributor database, because these are the most important partners in a business. Failing to comply with the legal mandates, makes the suppliers and other partners get the affected company off their database. It is simply that others will not get in trouble, from the trouble you are in.Legal or ethical safeguards:Nike has provided their employees with a lot of benefits, ranging from cash incentives to vocational trips. Being a multinational company, it makes them diverse in their category and helps them in achieving anything they want. Ethically they have set the standards, about the labor and employment laws which state to be treated equally around the organizations. It makes Nike stand out in their field, as providing ethical equality is not the foremost factor for some organizations. Legally, they have set up laws for any theft witnessed in the workplace, which leads to jail time. Nike has also created inter-company laws, which explain about the safeguard of their assets and secrets, failing to which can lead to direct termination.Development of an ethical culture:An ethical culture is formed by following the code of ethics of the organization. A code of ethics is set of principles which are designed to help the professional to do business with integrity and honesty (Malaysia, 2015). A code of ethics displays the aim that how the professionals in an organization are going to solve problems in an ethical way, with the company’s standards and its core values kept in mind. When a company creates its code of ethics, they need to implement it in their ethics culture, which is created by those ethics codes. For a smooth flow of processes, there should be a link between the ethics culture and ethics code.The code of ethics defines that everything should be communicated directly if the problem is encountered in a company (Malaysia, 2015). It directly relates to the ethical culture, because if problems are not communicated directly, it will affect the overall culture of the organization. An ethical culture where everyone is treated equally in terms of gender, race, and ethnicity, there should be a proper code defined by the company to make a link with it (Malaysia, 2015). A proper dress code like a three-piece suit for men, and skirt/shirt for women is the basis of culture in a presentable way. Code of ethics should define the presentable way of employees so that it does not affect the culture of the company.Raising an ethical concern:Referring to the code of ethics discussed Nike Inc, an employee can raise an ethical concern in following ways:Don’t rationalize yourself. If a person finds something bad happening in the company i.e. stealing of records and assets, the ethical way is to tell the issue to the concerned leader to make a solution out of it. As Nike is tolerable in retaliation, they might not fire the person but will make them teach a lesson to be ethical.Before just raising any ethical misconduct, the employee needs to examine the pros and cons of the situation. As Nike is a multinational, and its exposure is different, the employee will need to analyze the situation before reporting it. He/she needs to examine whether the information is right or wrong or will it get me in any trouble or not.The employee in Nike can also think of changing the perspective, in his/her own way. It means that the problem can be sorted out without telling the immediate supervisor, by getting in talks with the person who is acting unethically and change his/her view from unethical to ethical.Explain the situation from your own perspective. It means not to point out an unethical behavior to the boss but informed about the ethical practices you are displaying. Then, create a link with the unethical situation to sort out the process.Available resources:The foremost resource available for raising an ethical concern is the supervisor, to whom you tell about the issue. Then, the employee has the policies and processes which can help in creating methods to raise a situation. Employees also have the online database as an asset, to raise any concern about ethical culture.Preferred resources:In Nike Inc. I would choose to talk to the supervisor directly, which will give a leverage of coming from a proper channel and will reduce any risk of doing so.Code of ethics:Code of ethics of Nike Inc. is provided in the attached pdf file. It can be accessed from the attached file.Whistle-blowing conditions:Whistleblowing is the process where a person exposes any information, which he/she finds unethical or illegal within the organization (BoD, 2014). This information is mostly externally revealed or within the company. Before blowing a whistle, employees should take certain precautions in their consideration. The employee should check whether he/she has a valid and approved case which he/she is going to blow the whistle on. Whistleblowing in an ethical way is mostly done for any unethical disrupt in the workplace (BoD, 2014). So, the employee needs to make sure he has enough evidence to prove his/herself. Take precautions about the grievance procedures, because if the employee has a concern about the manager, he/she cannot go to the manager directly. Going to the HR will make it more appropriate to blow the whistle.Employees should only whistleblow through an approved channel, which is the top management, senior management, HR, compliance, and the regulatory board of directors (BoD, 2014). Going to a junior staff will make it a concern, not a whistleblow. The employee should not forget that he/she is a witness, not an investigator. The ethical way is that the employee should manage to provide information which he/she has already seen, instead of examining the conditions. If the whistleblowing is not effective to the supervisor or the manager, the employee can get in talks with the higher concerned person i.e. the police, the board of directors etc. the employee should always keep the condition in mind, that there are laws to protect the whistleblower, depending on the ethical way of whistleblowing.Whistle-blowing process:The process of whistle-blowing should be taken forward by the employees as follows:The employee should first gather the evidence, about the topic he/she is going to whistleblow.Instead of having suspicions only, create documentation of the issue.Then, gather information about the issue, which can include the name, contact, and position of the person. The laws which are being violated, are to be examined by the whistleblower.Avoid discussing the issues with any other person, and keep it as much confidential as you can.The employee’s mind should be made for the long process of whistleblowing, as it might take a long time.Also, start to look for any other employment because the company might fire you for whistleblowing.Finally, get legal help and tell the concerned person about the unethical disrupt witnessed by you.Advantages and disadvantages of paying whistle-blowersThere are some legal acts which support the whistle-blowers and pay them as an incentive or compensation. These acts incle the Sarbanes-Oxley act, the false claims act, Dodd-Frank wall street, and consumer protection act. All these acts have included a variation of paying the whistle-blowers and defining their laws. However, there are some disadvantages and advantages in paying the whistle-blowers.Disadvantages of paying whistle-blowers:Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: For an employee, reporting any ethical disrupt is an intrinsic motivation, but giving incentives to the whistle-blower is an extrinsic motivation. Paying incentives to the whistle-blowers can lead to misconduct of the ethical workplace objective (Ruiz-Palomino & Martínez-Cañas, 2014).Public money: according to these acts, the money which is provided to the whistle-blowers is the money, which comes from the financial loss of stakeholders and investors. Using the same money to compensate the whistle-blowers, seems injustice for the stakeholders and investors.Cultural impact: providing incentives to the whistle-blowers also create misunderstanding in the organizational culture. It does not produce any cultural result but gives an opportunity to the individual to become a whistle-blower again in the future.Advantages of paying whistle-blowers:Encourages others: Keeping in mind that the whistle-blower has done an ethical thing, it encourages others also to stand up for any unethical situation they come across (Ruiz-Palomino & Martínez-Cañas, 2014).Improvement in the firm’s productivity: According to some surveys, it indicated that the information revealed by the whistle-blower was very helpful, and the company could have led to failure if it didn’t come forward. It means that by paying the whistle-blowers, it also increases the productivity of the company.Impact of US sentencing guidelinesUS sentencing guidelines impact the four major parts of the organization i.e. ethics training, ethics officers, ethics departments, and ethics hotlines. Although these guidelines have been information for a long time now, these still affect the corporate industry across the US. As a primary impact, these guidelines have enhanced the application of ethics programs into thousands of firms across America. These guidelines have impacted on how the compliance program should be, and instructions were also given on how to make these programs.Many companies, who already have their guidelines have told that using the US sentencing guidelines have influenced ethics in the workplace. According to a study, which consisted of 333 companies, 44% of them stated that US guidelines added strength to their overall market growth and ethical development.Culpability factors:The factors which are considered in determining the fines under the US sentencing guidelines are:Whether the offender of any activity is a first time offender, he/she will pay the minimum amount.Whether the offender committed a crime under pressure or high level of stress.Whether the offender was helping some other person in the crime and was not the main offender.ReferencesBoD, R. S. (2014). Code of ethics. UPDATE, 1, 25th.Malaysia, P. P. (2015). Code of ethics.Ruiz-Palomino, P., & Martínez-Cañas, R. (2014). Ethical culture, ethical intent, and organizational citizenship behavior: The moderating and mediating role of person–organization fit. Journal of business ethics, 120(1), 95-108.